In this article, you are going to learn about Domain Name servers in the right way.
DNS, or the Domain Name System, translates human-readable domain names (for example, maheshzanwar.com) to machine-readable IP addresses (for example, 18.104.22.168).
It’s far easier to remember words and phrases, such as Netflix and Google, over 84.21.044.1.
All computers on the Internet, from your smartphone or laptop to the servers that serve content for massive retail websites, find and communicate with one another by using numbers.
These numbers are known as IP addresses. When you open a web browser and go to a website, you don’t have to remember and enter a long number. Instead, you can enter a domain name like example.com and still end up in the right place.
Domain Name Servers
Domain name servers are an important part of DNS i.e. Domain Names System. It handles queries regarding domain names so that internet users can locate websites.
When someone types a domain name into their browser, their computer contacts the domain’s nameservers, which send back the corresponding IP address in response.
Each website has a corresponding nameserver. To view a specific website, you must connect to its name server to retrieve its IP address and any related files.
If you have not connected your website to the corresponding name server then your user will get a ‘site can’t be reached’ error because there is no host to your website.
Your DNS server handles queries to your domain. Once your site is set up for business, and you’re attracting visitors, you want to make sure it’s available to them.
Most domain registrars include a free DNS, which covers a host of basic functions.
Paid premium services offer guarantees regarding site security and uptime. Premium name servers can greatly affect your website performance and most importantly, your visitors’ user experience.
What is the importance of domain name servers for your domain?
Domain name servers are very important because they are going to affect the speed, redundancy, and security of your website.
- Speed: Slow sites are irritating for the end-user, as well as slow speeds can impact the SEO ranking of your website.
- Redundancy: This is nothing but how readily your website is available for the end-user.
- Security: to reduce or avoid the attacks on your website data.
Setting up DNS
Nameservers point your domain to whoever is in control of its DNS settings.
For example, you bought a domain name from namecheap.com, and your website is hosted on siteground then you need to update the DNS settings as given in siteground to the ones in Namecheap.
For premium DNS you will have to spend few dollar a month.
Free or Public DNS
Most of the domain registering websites have their free DNS which offers basic functions.
Some come equipped with firewall policies, filtering, and rate-limiting and blocking to help prevent DDoS attacks.
The majority of free services include facilities to manage the records of your domain zone and typically offer Dynamic DNS.
If yours is a casual site or simply something you are doing for fun and it’s not the end of the world if the site is down for a couple of days, free DNS services should work for you.
Every commercial website should use premium DNS to guarantee they are both safe and available to their customers.
There are distinct advantages of paying for a DNS: improved site availability, faster performance, and minimal security gaps.
Premium DNS involves pointing your domain to premium nameservers and setting up your records on these nameservers.
These are the typical features you should expect from premium DNS services:
- Dynamic DNS
- Secondary DNS
- Management Interface
- Administrative Control
- Two-way authentication
- DNS Templates
- Fast Performance – Redundancy
- Queries per month
- Close security gaps
- DNSSEC support
Few of the Premium DNS service providers are:
- Amazon Route 53.
- GoDaddy Premium DNS.
- Cloudflare DNS.
- Google Cloud DNS.
- Azure DNS.
I hope this article gave you the fair idea about the domain name servers and its importance. If you liked the article make sure to share it with your friends and collogues.
Until Then ! Enjoy and keep similing. 🙂